RESIDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN ELEKO AND TARKWA BAY RECREATIONAL CENTRES, LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

Funmilola Ajani

Abstract


The study assessed residents’ perception of tourism development in Eleko and Tarkwa Bay recreational centres, Lagos state, Nigeria. The two communities of Eleko and Tarkwa bay have a total of 337 and 344 households respectively, from which simple random sampling technique was used to select 20% of households. This made a sample size of 70 persons from each community. Only 135 instruments were however usable for statistical analysis. Data obtained were analyzed using frequency, percentage, means and independent sample t-test. The mean ages of residents were 25.6 and 29 years respectively, with a large number being singles (46.3% and 45.6%), Christians (61.2% and 76.5%), and had secondary school education (46.3% and 47.1%). Residents in the respective tourism sites (59.7% and 50.0%) had favourable perception towards tourism. A larger percent in Tarkwa Bay (53.7%), than Eleko beach (44.1%) had favorable concern for tourism development. Expanded recreational facilities ( 4.04, 4.11), improved quality of life (¬ 4.01, 4.08) and improved quality of public service ( 4.01, 4.13) were the most perceived contribution of the tourist centres to residents’ quality of life. More than half (68.7% and 51.5%) perceived that the tourist centres’ contribution to quality of life was high. There is no significant difference between the perception towards tourism by residents in Tarkwa-bay and Eleko as well as their perceived contribution of tourism to quality of life.The study concluded that that there is huge potential for development of Tarkwa-bay and Eleko beaches with prospects for positive impacts on the lives of residents.
Keywords: Community’s perception, Tarkwa bay, Eleko beach, resident’s quality of life

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